"Prana" is Breath or bio energy in the body. … In this manner, Pranayama is "Control of Breath". One can control the rhythms of pranic energy with pranayama and accomplish sound body and brain. In yogic point, Pranayama is essentially arrangement of activities, which targets carrying more oxygen to blood and to the cerebrum.

What are the advantages of breathing activities?

  • Points of interest of profound breathing activities
  • Natural painkiller
  • Improves blood stream
  • Builds energy level
  • Improves posture
  • Diminishes irritation
  • It detoxifies the body
  • Invigorates lymphatic framework
  • Improves absorption

Making the way for Prana

Pranayama utilizes the breath to coordinate and extend the progression of prana in our energy channels – the Nadis. Master Satyananda Saraswati depicts the strategies as giving:

"… the technique whereby the life power [prana] can be initiated or controlled so as to go past one's typical limits or constraints and accomplish a higher condition of vibratory energy and mindfulness."

In The Heart of Yoga, Desikachar clarifies that when we are unwell, feeling stuck, discouraged or ailing in drive we have too little prana inside the body – we have a greater amount of it outside our body. The purpose behind this is on the grounds that the prana in the body is constrained out by something different, something that doesn't have a place there which he calls "garbage". At the point when we practice pranayama we are clearing this "refuse" from our body thus permitting increasingly more prana to be inside the body rather than outside it.

"At the point when we practice pranayama the cloak is bit by bit drawn away from the brain and there is developing clearness. The brain gets prepared for profound meditation" (yoga sutra 2.52)

So by rehearsing pranayama we are addressing the roadblocks in our bodies, permitting breath and energy (prana) to stream openly. Our breathing is improved, our bodies work better and we clear and quiet the brain.

Pranayama strategies center around at least one of the four pieces of the breath:

  • Inward breath (puraka)
  • Inner maintenance (antara-khumbaka)
  • Exhalation (rechaka)
  • Outside maintenance (bahya-khumbaka)
The exhalation is supposed to be the most significant piece of the breath – just when we can breathe out and void completely would we be able to take a full new inward breath.

Various sorts of Pranayama and their Advantages

Ujjayi Breathing

Ujjayi Breathing is generally polished in Ashtanga Yoga classes. Otherwise called Ocean Breath or Victorious Breath. Ujjayi makes heat in the body and it additionally makes security. Utilizing Ujjayi breath during asana practice can be an update and a marker not to race through stances and not to forfeit the breath for getting into a glorified state of the posture.

Coming back to Ujjayi in Tadasana after an exhausting posture or arrangement, or in the midst of stress, can help bring down our pulse down once more. Sitting, investing energy with profound Ujjayi breathing expands the familiarity with our breath. We can utilize this opportunity to figure out how to breathe completely utilizing our full lung limit, rather than shallow breathing as the vast majority of us tend to do.

Nadi Shodhana

nadi = unpretentious energy channel; shodhan = cleaning, filtration; pranayama = breathing procedure

Nadi S​h​odhana or Alternate nostril breathing is the most significant breathing procedure to help keep the psyche quiet, glad and tranquil. This procedure adjusts two of the most critical nadis or energy channels, Ida and Pingala, which befuddle the focal nadi, Sushumna and each of the chakras running up the spine.

It adjusts the breath through the two nostrils – we as a rule have one which is increasingly blocked and this will change as the day progressed. Nadi Shodhana likewise balances the two sides of the equator of the mind. It is a great unwinding strategy, quieting the brain and by and large carrying parity to the entire framework. It improves fixation and mental concentration as it gets out blocked energy channels in the body. Esther and her instructor Clive Sheridan state "in the event that you possess just energy for one Pranayama/breathing procedure, make it this one".


Kapalabhati is otherwise called Skull Shining breath, Kapala implies skull and Bhati implies light. The accentuation is on the exhalation through solid, quick stomach contractions thus cleansingly affects the breathing pathways. The breathe in follows normally after the solid breathe out. It improves course particularly to the cerebrum which gives the skull sparkling impact; stimulating the psyche and awakening your framework.

Kapalabhati additionally makes warmth and increments and animates the stomach related fire (agni) by fortifying, rubbing and conditioning the abs and stomach related organs. This agni assists with consuming the "junk" Desikachar discusses.

Agni Sara / Fire Breath

In Agni Sara or Fire Breath, the attention is on ousting the outbreath similarly as Kapalbhati. It has a significant number of similar advantages for the stomach organs and muscles however is regularly shown utilizing each nostril in turn and at a more slow pace. The pace makes it increasingly available to individuals beginning with Pranayama.

Pranayama methods are some of the time instructed contrastingly relying upon the instructor and style of yoga. For instance, in the Kundalini Yoga custom Agni Sara is educated similarly as Kapalabhati. It is additionally some of the time instructed by ousting the breath completely, applying Jalandhara Bandha (throat lock), at that point contracting and growing the mid-region rapidly while as yet holding the exhalation serenely. This variety likewise raises energy levels, invigorates the hunger and improves processing.


Bhastrika is otherwise called Bellows Breath. It varies from Kapalabhati and Agni Sara in that the attention in on the inward breath the same amount of as the exhalation. The stomach muscles are utilized to firmly contract (breathe out) and extend (breathe in) howling the breath in and out.

Like the past two pranayama methods, it produces heat, detoxifying and stimulating the body. It conditions the abs and the stomach related framework. Bhastrika is said to adjust the doshas and their related humors – mucus from Kapha, bile from Pitta and wind from Vata. It adjusts the sensory system, quieting the psyche prepared for meditation.


Nauli is a solid pranayana procedure and is referred to likewise as one of the Shatkarmas (Shat = Six; Karma = Action) or refinements as is Kapalabhati. Nauli is a method of stomach knead or beating.

From a standing situation, with hands on thighs, the breath is ousted however much as could reasonably be expected through the mouth. At that point, during the maintenance of the exhalation, the bandhas are applied and the muscles of the midsection are contracted. First the rectus abdominii (RA) muscles – shaping a curve down the focal point of the lower middle. At that point the left RA muscles are detached and afterward the right, in the long run making a beating movement. Watch Andrew clarify it here.

Nauli is a propelled practice which back rubs and tones the whole stomach region – the muscles and nerves, and the organs of the stomach related, excretory and conceptive frameworks. It animates Manipura chakra – the storage facility of prana and related with individual force.


Samavritti implies equivalent proportion and is once in a while called Square Breath. In this pranayama the emphasis is on every one of the four pieces of the breath similarly and its point is to adjust them all so they are equivalent length. This is fantastically quieting and adjusting for the body and shows us consciousness of breath and prana stream. Samavritti centers the brain assisting with evacuating distractions as so making it simpler to focus and proceed onward to ruminate. Samavritti is likewise incredible in light of the fact that you can rehearse it anyplace without individuals taking note!


Bhramari or Bee Breath, utilizes sound and breath to quiet the psyche and sensory system. It coordinates the brain inwards as the eyes and ears are shut. Bhramari is gainful on the off chance that you are feeling restless or agitated and helps focus and memory. It soothes strain in the cerebrum so can help with migraines and diminishes outrage or touchiness.

This is a great strategy to rehearse on the off chance that you are examining or doing some other sort of extraordinary brainwork.

Sitali and Sitkari

Sitali and Sitkari are two related pranayama strategies where the breath is breathed in through the mouth as opposed to the nose. In Sitali the sides of the tongue are nestled into the breath is breathed in gradually through this straw-like shape.

Not every person can make this shape with their tongue; anyway they can rehearse Sitkari which has similar advantages.

In Sitkari (Hissing Teeth Breath) the breath is breathed in through shut the teeth (lips open). Both these strategies are cooling for the body so are acceptable to rehearse in the mid year or on the off chance that you have a great deal of Pitta. They are additionally cooling for your demeanor – decreasing drives of craving and thirst.
By including pranayama as a major aspect of your yoga practice you will see benefits on a physical, mental and vigorous level.